Clyde & Co successful as Claimant slips up recalling accident location
09 February 2022 09 February 2022
UK & Europe
Insurance & Reinsurance
Clyde & Co has successfully secured a discontinuance of a liability claim valued at £170,000, following allegations that a woman had been injured having slipped on ice at our client’s premises.
The Claimant originally pinpointed the accident location as within a right of access, an area the Defendant did not have a duty to maintain.
After we applied for summary judgment/strike out, the Claimant sought to change her evidence on the accident location, blaming a misunderstanding. We maintained our position, and with the threat of a fundamental dishonesty finding and enforceable costs order against her, the Claimant discontinued shortly before trial.
Our client, (“the Defendant”) owned premises, consisting of a main car park and an additional car parking area, on an industrial estate. The premises adjoined an area owned by another company, Bridgetime Transport, the Claimant’s employer.
On the day of the accident, the Claimant stated that she parked on the Defendant's premises and as she was returning to her vehicle, she slipped on ice, sustaining a fractured ankle. The Claimant claimed that this injury ultimately resulted in her having to give up work. A six-figure claim was pleaded.
Duty of care
The Claimant’s case was that she was a lawful visitor to the Defendant's premises and thus was owed a duty of care by the Defendant to ensure the premises was safe. She alleged the premises was in a dangerous condition due to the ice in the car park.
The Defendant's position was that the Claimant was aware she was not permitted to park on their premises; she herself had prepared a memorandum for circulation within Bridgetime Transport, informing employees not to park in the Defendant’s car park.
We argued the Claimant was a trespasser and thus was owed a lower duty of care under the Occupiers’ Liability Act 1984. It was therefore sufficient for the Defendant to show the premises themselves were not dangerous and the only danger was the presence of snow and ice. The Defendant was able to provide evidence to show it had a reasonable system of assessing and addressing the risk posed by snow and ice.
The exact location of the Claimant's fall was not clear as a right of access existed within the Defendant's premises and next to where the Claimant parked.
Judgment in Default had been entered prior to our involvement. We successfully applied to set aside judgment despite the Claimant’s opposition, and obtained a costs order.
The Defence pleaded that the Claimant was aware she was not permitted to park where she did and that she knew of the memorandum confirming this. Witness evidence was obtained from some of her former colleagues who verified the Claimant had arranged for the memorandum to be circulated and placed on the gates of the Defendant’s premises. The Defence set out that in the event the Court was satisfied the Claimant was aware of the memorandum, the Defendant would seek a finding of fundamental dishonesty against her.
We put a Part 18 Question to the Claimant for her to confirm the exact position she parked her vehicle and where she fell. Her responses indicated her fall occurred within the right of access.
Following service of witness evidence, we made an application to Court for summary judgment/strike out on the basis that the Claimant fell on a right of access, meaning there was no duty on the Defendant to maintain that area.
Days before our application hearing, the Claimant served a further statement, essentially changing her evidence as to where she fell. She now stated that she fell within the parking spaces, and not the right of way. She blamed her incorrect evidence on a misunderstanding stating the position she had originally flagged was where her bag landed when she fell, and where she had to crawl to in order to obtain her phone to call for help.
Due to the Claimant's change of evidence, our application for strike out was unsuccessful. However, the Claimant was placed on notice that she would be required to explain the reasons for her misunderstanding at trial and we reiterated that the Defendant would be seeking a finding of fundamental dishonesty and an enforceable cost order to be made against her if successful.
Mindful of the threat of a finding of fundamental dishonesty and costs, the Claimant made an offer to discontinue her claim three weeks before trial, on the basis that the parties agreed to bear their own costs.
Given the Claimant had minimal assets against which to recover any recoverable costs we may have obtained, we agreed to the Claimant's offer, saving a considerable amount on the costs of running to trial. The total saving on reserve amounted to £173,000.
What can we learn?
- On this case we maintained a robust position throughout, evidenced by our summary judgment/strike out application which brought the issues to a head. The timing of the application following service of witness statements forced the Claimant to reconsider her case before the liability trial, and ultimately for her to discontinue her claim, resulting in a significant saving against trial costs, themselves likely in excess of £25,000.
- In this instance, numerous Part 18 Questions were not necessary. A clear focus upon the specific issue of contention, the accident location, was enough to set in motion the chain of events leading to the discontinuance of the claim.